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Title:Flat Plate Boundary Layer Flows Over Catalytic Surfaces for Micro-Combustion Applications
Author(s):Smyth, Suzanne A.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Dimitrois C. Kyritsis
Department / Program:Mechanical Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Mechanical
Abstract:The reactive, flat plate, boundary layer flow over small size Pt plates was studied experimentally for the range of intermediate Reynolds numbers that pertain to micro-combustion applications. Methane-air and propane-air mixtures were burnt catalytically at varying, close-to-stoichiometric equivalence ratios. The emphasis was on detecting combustion features that differentiate this flow from similar flows that have been studied extensively of leaner mixtures at higher Reynolds numbers. Surface temperature was measured with infrared thermography and was correlated to gaseous reactant concentration profiles that were acquired with gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Additionally, Particle Image Velocimitry was used in order to investigate the streamwise and transverse velocity profiles along the reacting plate. It was established that the surface reaction took place in three subsequent phases: In the immediate vicinity of the leading edge of the flat plates, a first phase of combustion was established with high surface temperature (>°1200°C), intense fuel depletion and product formation, and maximum streamwise and transverse velocities. This was followed by a second, relatively long phase, where temperature leveled out to an intermediate value, product formation and reactant depletion slowed, and velocities were further reduced. In a third phase, combustion was completed and the surface temperature was reduced to the temperature of the free-stream mixture. The flow field differs significantly from the classical flat-plate boundary layer with strong transverse velocities for the generation of which it was shown that chemistry played a dominant role. It is suggested that phase I combustion can be used for burner miniaturization through boundary layer interruption.
Issue Date:2008
Description:169 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3347512
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2008

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