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Title:The Interaction Between the Substrate and Frost Layer Through Condensate Distribution
Author(s):Hoke, John Lewis
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Georgiadis, John G.; Jacobi, Anthony M.
Department / Program:Mechanical Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Mechanical
Abstract:Microscopic observations of frost deposition on a variety of substrates having different contact angles, allow the quantification of substrate effects on frost structure during inception and growth. The deposition of vapor at the beginning of the frosting process on a clean glass substrate is found to be as condensate rather than as for a substrate temperatures above -33°C and an absolute humidity above 0.15 g/kg. The inception of "condensation frosting" is further examined microscopically as a function of environmental parameters and substrate contact angle. The water distribution on the substrate at the end of the condensation period is found to be strongly dependent on environmental parameters and substrate contact angle. The effective density of the condensate on hydrophobic substrates is found to be lower than that on hydrophilic substrates. The structure of the ice immediately after freezing is substrate dependent. High-speed imaging of the freezing process is used to show that a protrusion is formed at the top of the droplets during freezing. From observations, this protrusion is hypothesized to result from the convective condition at the droplet surface and the difference in specific volume between liquid and solid water. Additionally, the apparent ejection of water vapor during freezing of a droplet on a hydrophobic substrate was observed. This ejection of water vapor is thought to be caused by the warming of the droplet caused by the release of latent heat. In contrast to trends observed during the early growth period, the growth rate of mature frost is found to decrease with substrate contact angle while frost density is found to increase. This behavior is explained in terms of the effect of substrate contact angle on the structure and form of the incipient frost, which constitutes the initial condition for further frost growth. A higher conductivity layer is formed on the hydrophilic than on the hydrophobic substrate. A model relating crystal orientation to conductivity is used to simulate the frost growth rate and density on the two different substrates and match the experimental data. Using similar reasoning, the higher conductivity frost formed on colder substrates is also explained.
Issue Date:2001
Description:137 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9996639
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2001

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