Files in this item

FilesDescriptionFormat

application/pdf

application/pdf9955619.pdf (6MB)Restricted to U of Illinois
(no description provided)PDF

Description

Title:Theoretical Study of the Electronic Structure and Reactions Involving Oxygen-Bridged Cu-Pairs in Zeolite Catalysts for Lean Nitric Oxide Abatement
Author(s):Goodman, Bryan Roger
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Adams, James B.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Physics, Condensed Matter
Abstract:Metal-ion-exchanged zeolite catalysts (e.g., Cu-ZSM-5) are promising candidates for lean NOx automotive exhaust treatment. Despite extensive analysis, the relative importance of isolated metal ions and pairs of metal ions in catalytic chemistry is still unclear. In this investigation, two complementary approaches were used to address this problem: quantum-mechanics-based calculations to determine the structure and stability of paired Cu ions, and statistical modeling to determine the probability of favorable pairing sites in ZSM-5. First-principles electronic structure calculations show that both O- and O2-bridged Cu-ion pairs ([CuOxCu]2+) are likely to be highly stable for conditions found in high-silica zeolites. Further, both types are stable over a wide range of Cu separations, and the latter exhibits a rich variety of structural isomers. These results provide insight into the role of Cu pairs in the catalytic chemistry of Cu-ZSM-5, including O2 formation in the NO decomposition mechanism. For statistical modeling of metal ion pairs in ZSM-5, the channel structure of the zeolite was incorporated into the pairing requirements. Using a Monte Carlo procedure, the distribution of pairs as a function of distance and zeolite composition was then sampled. A significant number of the sites in the zeolite lattice were found to satisfy criteria for forming pairs. Implications of the combined results for NO decomposition and selective catalytic reduction are discussed.
Issue Date:2000
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:129 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2000.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/84464
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9955619
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2000


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics