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Title:Characterization of Aluminum Surfaces: Sorption and Etching
Author(s):Polkinghorne, Jeannette Clera
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Wieckowski, Andrzej
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Engineering, Materials Science
Abstract:While aggressive anions such as chloride are usually studied to elucidate corrosion processes to work ultimately toward inhibition, its corrosive properties can be successfully utilized in the drive for higher energy and smaller-scale storage devices. Fundamental information gained regarding anion interaction with the aluminum surface can be applied to tailor etch processes. Standard electrochemical techniques and SEM are respectively used to etch and analyze the aluminum substrate. Aluminum electrolytic capacitors are comprised of aluminum anode foil covered by an anodically grown aluminum oxide dielectric film, electrolytic paper impregnated with electrolyte, and aluminum cathode foil. Two main processes are involved in the fabrication of aluminum electrolytic capacitors, namely etching and anodic oxide formation. Etching of the anode foil results in a higher surface area (up to 20 times area enlargement compared to unetched foil) that translates into a higher capacitance gain, permitting more compact and lighter capacitor manufacture. Anodic oxide formation on the anode, creates the required dielectric to withstand high voltage operation. A detailed investigation of variables such as solution temperature, solution composition, and supplied charge used in these processes can lead to improved foil design and ultimately a better product.
Issue Date:2001
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:128 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/84509
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9996672
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2001


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