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Title:Biochemical and Structural Studies of Pseudouridine 55 Synthase
Author(s):Phannachet, Kulwadee
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Huang, Raven H.
Department / Program:Biochemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Chemistry, Biochemistry
Abstract:Sequence alignment of the families of PsiS identifies the conserved aspartic acid discussed previously as the strictly conserved amino acid. Structural alignment identifies the conserved tyrosine, which is part of hydrophobic core in the active site. The role of the conserved tyrosine is less obvious in addition to apparent structural role. Enzymatic activity assay reveals that mutating T. maritima Tyr67 to any other amino acids abolishes the enzymatic activity. Structure of T. maritima Y67F in complex with the 5FU-RNA reveals, however, that the same 5FhPsi product formed by wild-type Psi55S is also found in the active site. Furthermore, HPLC analysis indicates that 5FhPsi is also formed when 5FU RNA was incubated with either E. coli Y76F or Y76L but not with Y76A. The combined information from structural, biochemical and mutational studies allows us to propose the likely role of the conserved tyrosine as a general base for proton abstraction in PsiS-catalyzed reaction as well as structural role of the hydrophobic phenol ring in the active site.
Issue Date:2005
Description:118 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2005.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3182354
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2005

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