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Title:Investigation of Residual Stresses in Shape Memory Alloy (Sma) Composites
Author(s):Berman, Justin Bradley
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):White, Scott R.
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Engineering, Materials Science
Abstract:A three-phase concentric cylinder micromechanics model and an SMA composite thermoelastic beam theory were developed to analyze the micromechanical and structural-level thermal and transformational stresses for nitinol composites induced by nitinol wires embedded in a host matrix. A series of warpage experiments were conducted on nitinol composite beams during heating cycles to provide experimental validation of model predictions and to assess their thermoelastic structural behavior under non-mechanical loading. Micromechanical model results indicate that excessive residual hoop stresses in nitino/graphite/epoxy composites leads to radial cracking around the embedded nitinol wires. Based on modeling results, the most important factor in reducing residual stresses (and thereby preventing radial cracking) is increasing the level of recovery strain for the nitinol wire. The SMA composite beam model agrees well with experimental data captured for the nitinol/epoxy beam series. Warpage experiments on nitinol/glass/epoxy beams showed a large increase in the effective austenitic start temperature (As) of 9.3°C. The elevation of the effective As together with other observations of warpage development indicates that plastic flow may have occurred in nitinol wires when embedded in glass/epoxy. These observations reinforce the need to train nitinol wires at modest recovery levels when embedding in relatively stiff materials.
Issue Date:2001
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:191 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/85136
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9996616
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2001


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