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Title:Protostar Formation in Magnetic Clouds: The Phase Beyond Ion Detachment
Author(s):Tassis, Konstantinos
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Telemachos Ch. Mouschovias
Department / Program:Astronomy
Discipline:Astronomy
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Abstract:We follow the formation and evolution of a molecular cloud core from mean molecular cloud densities to a density enhancement of twelve orders of magnitude, by which stage the magnetic flux problem of star formation is expected to be resolved. We use the nonideal six-fluid MHD equations, which we solve using an adaptive-grid numerical code. In the central part of the core, an opaque region forms above a certain density, where isothermality breaks down. We treat this region using the adiabatic approximation, while the density at which the transition occurs is treated as a free parameter, within reasonable limits suggested by observations. To follow the evolution of the isothermal disk surrounding the formed protostar at even later times, we introduce a "central sink" which allows us to exclude the central region from our computations, while still accounting for the physical effects of the accumulating mass and magnetic flux. In this way, we follow the accretion process onto the protostar until 1 M⊙ is accumulated in the central sink. We evaluate the relative importance of different magnetic flux-loss mechanisms (ambipolar diffusion and Ohmic dissipation) in the resolution of the magnetic flux problem of star formation. During the accretion phase, we discover new phenomena, such as the formation and dissipation of a series of magnetically driven shocks that occur in a quasi-periodic fashion.
Issue Date:2005
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:146 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2005.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/85179
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3199154
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2005


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