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Title:Effect of Titanium Nitride Surface Layers on Deuterium Absorption and on Sub-Surface Concentration Profiles in Titanium
Author(s):Costescu, Corneliu Iulian
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Heuser, Brent J.
Department / Program:Nuclear Engineering
Discipline:Nuclear Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Physics, Nuclear
Abstract:A three-region nitrogen concentration near-surface profile is obtained. The first region spans from 100 to 1000 A depending on the gas exposure time, and contains about 33 at. % (Ti2N). The second region contains solid solution of nitrogen in close packed hexagonal (cph) titanium TiN x, with x decreasing from 25 at. % to 1 at. % over a depth of 3000--7000 A. In the third region, the nitrogen concentration is below 1 at. %. The deuterium concentration in the first two regions is in the range of 0.1--1.0 at. %, which is low as compared to about 4.5 at. %, the bulk deuterium concentration. In the third region the deuterium concentration increases slowly, over 10 000--20 000 A depth, toward the bulk concentration. Such a slowly increasing region is explained by the reduced capacity of the titanium layers from this region to expand as required by the deuterium absorption, due to the rigidity of the titanium nitride layer. Three regimes of absorption kinetics were identified as generated by the nitrogen presence on the sample surface and by the surface pre-exposure to nitrogen. The absorption kinetics is shown to be driven by the deuterium chemical potential gradient and not by the concentration gradient as currently used. An empirical expression for the chemical potential and an analytical model for the deuterium absorption process are proposed.
Issue Date:1999
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:105 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1999.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/85953
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9971058
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:1999


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