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Title:Selenium and Chromium Stable Isotopes and the Fate of Redox-Active Contaminants in the Environment
Author(s):Ellis, Andre Savio
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Johnson, Thomas M.
Department / Program:Geology
Discipline:Geology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Environmental Sciences
Abstract:In the second part of this study, I developed the chromium stable isotope system as a biogeochemical indicator and monitoring tool. After initial work designing the techniques, I measured chromium stable isotope fractionation in laboratory experiments and natural waters. I observed that the products of Cr(VI) reduction had delta53Cr values that were 3.4 +/- 0.1‰ less than that of the reactant. The 53Cr/ 52Cr ratios in water samples from three chromium-contaminated sites ranged from 1.1‰ to 5.8‰, relative to the standard and indicate the extent of reduction, a critical process that renders toxic Cr(VI) immobile and less toxic. Finally, I show that Cr stable isotope fractionation during sorption on alumina and goethite in laboratory experiments is insignificant and variations in 53Cr/52Cr values can be used to determine extent of reduction in natural waters.
Issue Date:2003
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:61 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2003.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/86523
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3086053
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2003


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