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Title:Media Democracy Deferred: The Postwar Settlement for U.S. Communications, 1945--1949
Author(s):Pickard, Victor
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):McChesney, Robert
Department / Program:Communications
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):History, United States
Abstract:Based on extensive archival research, this study historicizes current media policies and reform efforts by analyzing the 1940s postwar critical juncture when policymakers, social movements, and communication industries grappled over the role of a commercial press in a democratic society. By focusing on policy formations around the Hutchins Commission, the Federal Communications Commission's "Blue Book," and the Fairness Doctrine, this dissertation chronicles how a vibrant media reform movement was largely co-opted and quelled, resulting in a postwar settlement marked by three assumptions: media should remain self-regulated, practice social responsibility, and adhere to a negative First Amendment a freedom of the press privileging the rights of media producers and owners over listeners, readers, and the broader public. This social contract between the state, the polity, and media institutions consolidated an industry-friendly arrangement that contained reform movements, foreclosed on alternative models, and discouraged structural critiques of the U.S. media system---a relationship that continues to have a major impact on U.S. media today.
Issue Date:2008
Description:478 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3347498
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2008

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