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Title:Depressed Children's Friendships
Author(s):Rockhill, Carol Mary
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Pleck,Joseph H.; Nicki R. Crick
Department / Program:Human and Community Development
Discipline:Human and Community Development
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Health Sciences, Mental Health
Abstract:Eighty-six pairs of children from the larger sample were selected as target children for an observational study. Fifty depressed target children and 36 nondepressed target children were each paired with their self-reported best friend to participate in a videotaped game-playing interaction and to report on the characteristics of that friendship. Target dyads were selected so that the depressed and nondepressed groups contained comparable frequencies of "reciprocal friendships" (i.e., both children selected one another as one of their top three friends) and "nonreciprocal friendships" (i.e., the target child selected the partner as one of their top three friends, but the partner did not reciprocate). Children's self-reports, teacher's reports, and observations of the game-playing interactions were examined, to assess differences in social competence for: (a) depressed versus nondepressed target children, and (b) reciprocal versus nonreciprocal friendships. Results indicated that the lack of friendship reciprocity was associated with significantly lower perceptions of friendship quality. Behavioral coding and post-game evaluations revealed few significant differences between depressed versus nondepressed children, but depressed children's partners were observed to display more negative emotion than the partners of nondepressed children. Implications will be discussed.
Issue Date:2000
Description:193 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2000.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9971179
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2000

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