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Title:Svaraj and Self -Reliance: Translating the Self and Its Rule From the "Bhagavad -Gita" and "Manusmr&dotbelow;ti" to the Works of Emerson, Thoreau, and Gandhi
Author(s):Adisasmito-Smith, Steven Eric
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Palencia-Roth, Michael; Christopher Minkowski
Department / Program:Comparative Literature
Discipline:Comparative Literature
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Religion, General
Abstract:The Bhagavad-Gita and the Manusmr&dotbelow;ti view the self as the locus of divine authority, but they struggle with the social implications. Jones and Wilkins filtered their translations through a Neoplatonic Christian lens with a liberal Enlightenment tint, while also weakening the political implications. Emerson, fueled by the Romantic drive for originality, restored these elements: the power of self-trust arose from reliance on God within. Thoreau cultivated himself by the asceticism of The Laws of Manu, and he transformed the Bhagavad-Gita's reflections on action into the grounds for political resistance. Gandhi recombined the Transcendentalists with Indian ideas to develop his satyagraha (holding to the truth in a good cause), swadeshi swadharma (self imposed duties of self-reliant individuals for their own communities), and true swaraj (self control as the key to political independence). The idea of self-rule was extended by these interconnections, from the self-mastery to harness the power of truth of classical Hinduism, to the liberal truth and emancipated self of European thought, to the reforming power of soul-force. It developed as a result of its translation by active interpreters.
Issue Date:2003
Description:328 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2003.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3101790
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2003

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