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Title:Collaborating on Reference: A Study of Discourse and Aphasia
Author(s):Hengst, Julie Ann
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Miller, Peggy J.
Department / Program:Speech Communication
Discipline:Speech Communication
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Speech Communication
Abstract:Initial analysis showed that all four individuals with aphasia and their partners completed the barrier task trials in ways that were broadly consistent with Clark's collaborative referencing model. Across trials, the initial referencing expressions became more concise and the pairs showed a decline in overt collaborative effort per card placement. However, the analysis extended and challenged Clark's collaborative referencing model by viewing participants' activity as situated, interactional achievements in complex functional systems. The pairs used heterogeneous, complexly orchestrated resources (e.g., verbal and nonverbal; personal experience; shared histories; and the affordances of material objects) and actively negotiated the task, infusing it with their own motivations (e.g., doing speech practice, managing interpersonal relationships, having fun). In this analysis, referencing appeared as a distributed cognitive and communicative practice in constant genesis. Finally, an ethnographic case study (a life narrative supplemented with situated analysis of interaction in two settings) explored the way one young man with aphasia re-negotiated his identity and social relationships across multiple spheres of activity (e.g., sports, medicine, family, work, education).
Issue Date:2001
Description:316 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3017096
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2001

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