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Title:Competence, Expertise, and Linguistic Communities
Author(s):Neely, Erica Leigh
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Ebbs, Gary
Department / Program:Philosophy
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Language, Linguistics
Abstract:This difference in requirements for the two groups hinges upon a distinction between belief and attributed belief, or what one actually believes versus what one is thought to believe. I argue that expertise involves playing a social role and thus is not simply a matter of having many relevant beliefs on a subject; a speaker will not rely on an expert if he does not believe her to be one. This dependence on attributed belief sometimes results in a community's taking as experts people who perhaps should not be; although philosophers tend to gloss over problems caused by ignorant or deceptive experts, this is a mistake. I discuss a number of ways in which such experts can cause trouble for competent speakers; in extreme cases, the social structure may break down and the linguistic community fracture into disparate segments. Although it is not possible to ensure that reliance on experts will always function smoothly, I note some ways to improve our practice and point out directions for future work.
Issue Date:2005
Description:211 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2005.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3182334
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2005

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