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Title:Residual Stress Development and Effect on the Piezoelectric Performance of Sol -Gel Derived Lead Zirconate Titanate (Pzt) Thin Films
Author(s):Berfield, Thomas A.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Sottos, Nancy R.
Department / Program:Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Discipline:Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Engineering, Materials Science
Abstract:Additionally two patterning methods, traditional chemical wet-etching and a novel soft lithographic technique, are explored as a means to reduce residual stress within film features. For the soft lithographic technique, film features are created by selective film cracking, a result of poor substrate adhesion promoted by a mediated, self-assembled monolayer. Wafer curvature stress measurements and DIC-based strain measurements of mediated monolayer patterned features reveal that the in-plane stress/strain development is reduced compared to the blanket film case. Critical in-plane strains at crack initiation are also measured using a new digital image correlation technique, in which fluorescent nanoparticles (c.a. 140 nm) provide the speckle pattern. A corresponding increase in the field induced displacements is observed for the film features with reduced residual stress. Overall, the piezoelectric performance of the films is highly dependent on the residual stress in the films and can be enhanced significantly by a reduction in this stress through film patterning.
Issue Date:2008
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:129 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/87748
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3314731
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2008


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