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Title:Induction, Selection, and Characterization of Ethylene -Insensitive Mutants in Antirrhinum Majus (Snapdragon)
Author(s):Heffron, Leslie M.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Korban, Schuyler S.
Department / Program:Horticulture
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Agriculture, Plant Culture
Abstract:A tissue culture screen for ethylene tolerance utilizing ACC was optimized for a snapdragon inbred line, OAK564. Moreover, 40,000 EMS mutagenized snapdragon seeds were also screened for ethylene insensitivity. From this, a total of 231 putative ethylene mutants were recovered. Putative ethylene tolerant M 2 plants were grown, and selfed seeds were collected. These M3 seeds were screened with ACC to reassess their tolerance to ethylene. Responses varied from complete ethylene tolerance to ethylene sensitivity. Characterization of mutant lines included investigation of developmental regulation of vegetative and floral tissues in using five ACS and two ETR genes. Gene expression patterns were also investigated when floral spikes were exposed to 250 muM ACC either with or without pre-treatment with 1-MCP. Additional characterization included characteristics of rooting, gravitropism, ethylene tolerance, and vase-life studies using putative ethylene mutants. Ethylene mutants displayed varied responses for all evaluations, with some lines exhibiting enhanced rooting, gravitropism, floral fitness, ethylene tolerance, and vase-life when compared to the inbred OAK564. Overall, a mutagenesis approach to increase ethylene tolerance in cut snapdragon flowers was successful in generating mutants altered at different genetic loci and exhibiting enhanced traits including, vase-life, gravitropism, and rooting ability.
Issue Date:2006
Description:167 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2006.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3242867
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-28
Date Deposited:2006

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