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Title:Social movements as networks of communication episodes
Author(s):Pilny, Andrew Nicholas
Director of Research:Poole, Marshall S.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Poole, Marshall S.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Shumate, Michelle D.; Lammers, John C.; Diesner, Jana
Department / Program:Communication
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Social movements
network analysis
Abstract:Social movements (SMs) are common, yet complex phenomenon of study, generating eclectic and even conflicting perspectives on what actually constitutes a SM. This notion points towards the need of an inclusive framework that attempts to talk with rather than past conflicting perspectives. The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a hybrid theoretical framework that incorporates three SM perspectives: (1) SMs as aggregates, (2) SMs as networks, and (3) SMs as symbolic interactions. I argue that a framework of SMs as networks communication episodes (CAMs) is one way to build a successful hybrid approach, arguing that SMs consist of relationships between and within actors and events. In order to put the CAM framework to use, I used multidimensional exponential random graph modeling (MERGM) to analyze four different SMS: (1) 1970s US Energy Policy Domain, (2) 1970s US Health Policy Domain, (3) 1980s Anti-Stalinist mobilization in Poland, and (4) 1980s US Labor Policy Domain. Multidimensional network simulation was used to determine which organizing patterns correlate to instrumental and expressive theories of collective action and MERGM was used to uncover the dominant multidimensional organizing patterns in the empirical data behind each SM. Results revealed that most collective action events were organized by single organizations across all four SMs and that the Polish SM was the only movement out of the four that contain positive estimates of parameters conducive to network theories of collective action. Based on these results, a working model of factors that are theorized to influence the CAM structure is proposed, along with an application to the Anti-Stalinist mobilization in Poland and anti-Three Mile Island nuclear power plant mobilization. Moreover, based on different patterns in the CAM framework, a typology of different modes of organizing for collective action is developed, challenging a recent and common perspective of collective action as either organized or un-organized.
Issue Date:2015-06-23
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Andrew Pilny
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-29
Date Deposited:August 201

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