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Title:Trajectories of victimization across the school years: individual and peer context predictors
Author(s):Sugimura, Niwako
Director of Research:Rudolph, Karen D.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Rudolph, Karen D.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Pomerantz, Eva M.; Berry, Daniel; McElwain, Nancy L.; Troop-Gordon, Wendy
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):peer victimization
Abstract:Peer victimization can be a chronic stressor for some youth but not all youth. To understand the predictors of continuity and discontinuity of overt and relational victimization over an extended period of time, this study examined the independent and unique contributions of predictors that are associated with individual characteristics (social behavior) and a contextual factor (peer adversity), from 2nd to 8th grade, spanning the transition to middle school. In Chapter 1, the overall trajectories of victimization were found to decline for both types of victimization for both girls and boys. In Chapter 2, the independent contribution of each predictor to the intercepts and trajectories of victimization was examined. The analyses demonstrated that both individual and peer context factors contribute to 2nd grade victimization and the trajectories of victimization. Interestingly, some of these effects were stronger in boys during elementary school and in girls after the transition to middle school. In Chapter 3, unique contributions of predictors were investigated by examining the effects of predictors simultaneously. Overall, the results suggested that peer adversity did not predict 2nd grade victimization or the trajectories of victimization above and beyond individual characteristics. Results are discussed in regards to prevention of prolonged victimization, with attention to sex differences and youth who have multiple risk factors.
Issue Date:2015-07-02
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Niwako Sugimura
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-29
Date Deposited:August 201

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