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Title:Soft 3D fibrin matrices downregulate FAK expression to promote self-renewal of tumor-repopulating cells
Author(s):Wood, Adam Richard
Advisor(s):Wang, Ning
Department / Program:Mechanical Science & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Tumor-repopulating cells (TRCs)
Abstract:Tumor-repopulating cells are a highly tumorigenic subpopulation of cancer cells that exhibit stem cell-like properties (e.g. self-renewal). Previous reports have shown that soft 3D fibrin matrices promote self-renewal in TRCs by promoting histone 3 lysine residue 9 (H3K9) de-methylation and Sox2 expression [1]. However, the underlying mechanism(s) by which soft 3D fibrin matrices promote H3K9 de-methylation and Sox2 expression remain elusive. In this study we show that focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates Sox2 expression and H3K9 de-methylation through cell division control protein 42 homolog (Cdc42). In comparison to control melanoma cells, TRCs exhibit low FAK and Cdc42 expression. Overexpressing FAK or Cdc42 in TRCs cultured in soft 3D fibrin matrices promotes H3K9 methylation, decreases Sox expression, and suppresses colony growth. Knocking down FAK or Cdc42 expression in control melanoma cells promotes H3K9 de-methylation, increases Sox2 expression, and enhances colony growth in stiff 3D fibrin matrices. Overexpressing Cdc42 in FAK-knock down control melanoma cells inhibits H3K9 de-methylation.
Issue Date:2015-07-21
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Adam Wood
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-29
Date Deposited:August 201

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