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Title:Inverse uncertainty quantification of trace physical model parameters using Bayesian analysis
Author(s):Hu, Guojun
Advisor(s):Kozlowski, Tomasz
Department / Program:Nuclear, Plasma, & Radiological Engineering
Discipline:Nuclear, Plasma, & Radiological Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Uncertainty quantification
Maximum likelihood estimator (MLE)
Bayesian Maximum A Priori (MAP)
Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC)
Abstract:Forward quantification of uncertainties in code responses require knowledge of input model parameter uncertainties. Nuclear thermal-hydraulics codes such as RELAP5 and TRACE do not provide any information on physical model parameter uncertainties. A framework was developed to quantify input model parameter uncertainties based on Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE), Bayesian Maximum A Priori (MAP), and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm for physical models using relevant experimental data. The objective of the present work is to perform the sensitivity analysis of the code input (physical model) parameters in TRACE and calculate their uncertainties using an MLE, MAP and MCMC algorithm, with a particular focus on the subcooled boiling model. The OECD/NEA BWR full-size fine-mesh bundle test (BFBT) data will be used to quantify selected physical model uncertainty of the TRACE code. The BFBT is based on a multi-rod assembly with measured data available for single or two-phase pressure drop, axial and radial void fraction distributions, and critical power for a wide range of system conditions. In this thesis, the steady-state cross-sectional averaged void fraction distribution from BFBT experiments is used as the input for inverse uncertainty algorithm, and the selected physical model’s Probability Distribution Function (PDF) is the desired output quantity.
Issue Date:2015-12-03
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Guojun Hu
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-03-02
Date Deposited:2015-12

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