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Title:Variation and quantitative trait loci analysis of myrosinase activity and phenolic compound accumulation in Brassica oleracea var. italica
Author(s):Gardner, Alicia Marie
Advisor(s):Juvik, John A.; Zhao, Youfu
Department / Program:Crop Sciences
Discipline:Crop Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Phenolic compounds
Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping
Abstract:Two classes of secondary metabolites found in Brassica crops are of particular importance for eliciting human health benefits: phenolic compounds and glucosinolate hydrolysis products. These compounds have been demonstrated—among other things—to induce detoxification enzymes, mitigate inflammation, lower the risk of type II diabetes, and decrease cancer risk. In order to better utilize plants for the promotion of human health, a coordinated effort of advancement is needed in all related fields, including the genetic and environmental regulation of plant secondary product biosynthesis and the in vivo targets and mechanisms of action of phytochemicals in humans. This research addresses the genetic control of glucosinolate metabolism and phenolic compound accumulation in broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica). Gas chromatography was utilized to quantify glucosinolate hydrolysis products in the broccoli mapping population VI-158 × BNC. The same population was also evaluated for phenolic compound accumulation with three chemical assays: total phenolic content, ABTS radical scavenging capacity, and DPPH radical scavenging capacity. Quantitative trait loci analysis was employed for each of these phenotypes to identify genetic loci associated with variation in glucosinolate hydrolysis and phenolic compound accumulation. The genetic linkage map used for this analysis was saturated with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers anchored to the B. oleracea reference genome TO1000 (Brown et al. 2014). Physical markers were utilized to identify putative candidate genes underlying the QTL effects. This works reveals several questions for further investigation and the potential challenge of improving metabolites that are responsive to environmental conditions, but also highlights potential target genes for breeding Brassica cultivars with greater health-promoting potential.
Issue Date:2015-12-04
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Alicia Gardner
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-03-02
Date Deposited:2015-12

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