Browse Library Trends 63 (3) Winter 2015: Exploring Philosophies of Information by Title

  • Morán-Reyes, Ariel Antonio (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    This paper proposes to appeal to the structural-attributive approach to help establish a useful ontological categorization of information. Specifically, it argues that a framework for library and information science (LIS) ...

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  • Zhang, Lei; Olson, Hope A. (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    The construction of concepts achieved by the apparently incompatible ideas of essence and context is examined through genre. Essence is defined by essential characteristics: innate, immutable, independent of context. ...

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  • Thellefsen, Martin; Thellefsen, Torkild; Sørensen, Bent (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    This paper is a theoretical analysis of the cognitive free-fall metaphor, used within the cognitive view, as a model for explaining the communication process between a generator and a receiver of a message. Its aim is ...

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  • Rafferty, Pauline (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Following from approaches that view information as documentary forms of specific communicative practices, this paper uses theoretical concepts derived from cultural theory to examine the concept of work in Functional ...

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  • Van der Veer Martens, Betsy (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    This introduction to Luciano Floridi’s philosophy of information (PI) provides a short overview of Floridi’s work and its reception by the library and information studies (LIS) community, brief definitions of some ...

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  • Furner, Jonathan (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Information science is not a science, nor is it primarily about information. In this paper, an argument is developed in support of the latter claim. A working definition of information is proposed, and doubts are raised ...

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  • Herold, Ken (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Librarians once were futurists. Our everyday activities hinged on a set of practices and theories directed toward known, although distant, outcomes. What was the term of our mandate to provide access to the cultural heritage ...

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  • Suominen, Vesa; Tuomi, Pirjo (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    With the development of new information and communication technologies, new concepts of extending the concept of literacy have emerged, such as media literacy, computer literacy, and information literacy. This paper ...

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  • Garbacz, Pawel (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    This paper develops a new perspective on the relation of instantiation. This new perspective is based on recent research in cognitive psychology, or, more specifically, on the theory of frames, which was defined by ...

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  • Compton, Bradley W. (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    This paper discusses differing perspectives relevant to library and information studies (LIS) regarding the philosophy of information, primarily disparate accounts of ontology. The perspectives include, but are not ...

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  • Szostak, Rick (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Any classification system should be evaluated with respect to a variety of philosophical and practical concerns. This paper explores several distinct issues: the nature of a work, the value of a statement, the contribution ...

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  • Dinneen, Jesse David; Brauner, Christian (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    This paper demonstrates the practical and philosophical strengths of adopting Luciano Floridi’s “general definition of information” (GDI) for use in the information sciences (IS). Many definitions of information have ...

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  • Ma, Lai (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Can information be objective and/or subjective? Based on Patrick Wilson’s notion of public knowledge and a story of a sign on a tree, this paper argues that private information is not the same as subjective information, ...

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  • Scimeca, Ross; Labaree, Robert V. (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Studies show that reaching beyond disciplinary boundaries can be an effective method for understanding complex research problems and enriching student learning. However, despite the increased attention given to ...

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  • Mathiesen, Kay (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Many of the most pressing issues in information ethics—informational privacy, surveillance, intellectual property, access to information, and the distribution of information resources—can only be addressed at the level ...

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  • Fallis, Don (Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 2015)
    Prototypical instances of disinformation include deceptive advertising (in business and in politics), government propaganda, doctored photographs, forged documents, fake maps, internet frauds, fake websites, and manipulated ...

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