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Title:Efficient use of water for irrigation in the upper midwest
Author(s):Stout, Glenn E.; Walker, Paul N.; Goetsch, W .D.; Austin, T. Al; Golchin, Jahanshir; Shahvar, Zohreh; Anderson, C.E.; Johnson, H.P.; Shaw, Robert H.; Arjmand, Olya; Miller, William L.; Clouser, Rodney L.; Erhabor, Patrick; Sobek, Joseph; Eidman, Vernon R.; Wilson, Paul N.; Sheaffer, Craig C.
Contributor(s):University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Iowa State University; Purdue University; University of Minnesota
Subject(s):Water resource development
Water resource development--Illinois
Midwest water resources
Surface water
Soil moisture
Soil moisture models
Claypan soils
Economic models
Water use
Geographic Coverage:Illinois (state)
Abstract:The objectives of this multidisciplinary interinstitutional regional study on the efficient use of water for irrigation in the upper Midwest were: (1) to determine parameters needed for existing or improved models of crop response; (2) to relate yield response to costs and revenues by assessing the water demand for irrigation; and (3) to study the demand for irrigation, present and projected, and its availability as related to public allocation decisions. From this series of studies it was concluded that: (1) There are many areas of the Midwest with sufficient groundwater and surface water resources to support the development of irrigation. (2) Soil moisture models indicate that only moderate yield response to irrigation can be expected on high moisture soils; on lighter soils and claypan soils, yield response is significant, even in regions with relatively high precipitation. (3) Irrigation and drainage on claypan soils can dramatically increase corn yields. (4) It appears economically worthwhile for the individual farmer operating on moderate soils or on claypan soils to evaluate capital investments in irrigation along with other capital investments. (5) Increases in yields and persistence of alfalfa due to irrigation appear to be insignificant when compared to conventional management practices; further research is needed. A potential, however, appears to exist for improving adaptation of a1 fa1 fa varieties to soil water deficits.
Issue Date:1983-04
Publisher:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Water Resources Center
Genre:Report (Grant or Annual)
Sponsor:U.S. Geological Survey
U.S. Department of the Interior
Rights Information:Copyright 1983 held by the authors
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-04-06

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