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Title:Dynamics of manganese, cadmium, and lead in experimental power plant ponds
Author(s):Mathis, B.J.; Cummings, T.F.; Gower, Mary; Taylor, Michael; King, Christine
Contributor(s):Bradley University
Subject(s):Water resources development
Water resources development--Illinois
Aquatic ecology
Water pollution
Heavy metals
Illinois River
Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
Aquatic environment
Food chain
Lentic environment
Geographic Coverage:Illinois (state)
Abstract:This study was designed to determine the effect of heated power plant cooling water on the compartmentalization of manganese, lead and cadmium in experimental ponds. Caged channel catfish and green sunfish were kept in an experimental pond and a control pond. Periodically, whole fishes, gill, heart, kidney, liver and musculature were analyzed for the three metals. Concentrations of the three metals in fishes were not affected by the temperature differential maintained during the study. There was no correlation in concentrations of cadmium and lead with age (weight and length) of fishes but manganese concentrations declined slightly with age. The water component of the system contained the lowest concentration of the metals with sediments acting as a characteristic sink. Concentrations of the three metals in water and sediments of the ponds were unaffected by heat inasmuch as concentration differences between ponds were not significant at the .05 level. Aquatic organisms such as snails, fingernail clams, leeches, tubificid annelids and dragonfly nymphs exhibited concentrations of cadmium higher than sediments while snails and duckweed more closely reflected concentrations of manganese in sediments. Tubificid worms and leeches more closely reflected lead concentrations in sediments while fingernail clams and snails exhibited higher concentrations.
Issue Date:1977-06
Publisher:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Water Resources Center
Genre:Report (Grant or Annual)
Sponsor:U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey
Rights Information:Copyright 1977 held by the authors
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-04-20

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