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Title:Prevalence, impacts, and implications of odorous house ant colonies within active American robin nests
Author(s):Qazi, Danish; Suarez, Andrew; Gibson, Joshua; Merrill, Loren
Contributor(s):Suarez, Andrew
land development
Abstract:The odorous house ant (Tapinoma sessile Say) is a cosmopolitan ant species in the Midwest known to nest in a variety of habitats. Polygynous and seasonally polydomous, it can be found nesting in both urban and natural areas, including within homes and bird nests. While previous studies have noted T. sessile colonies in active bird nests, no studies have been conducted examining the prevalence of this phenomenon and the impact it may have on nesting dynamics. In this study, we examine the prevalence of T. sessile colonies inhabiting nests of American robins from Midwestern Illinois and considered the potential relationships between the presence of colonies and the fledging success of nestlings, nest parasite loads, and presence of other nest dwelling arthropod species. Robin nests were located at multiple field sites, urban and rural, and monitored until the nestlings fledged or perished. Following abandonment nests were collected, frozen, and later sieved to collect all arthropods within the nest which were identified to order and morphospecies. We compare our findings to ongoing studies on the prevalence and impacts of T. sessile colonies in other species of Midwestern birds. Future work will examine properties of bird nests that are attractive to T. sessile colonies and relationships between the presence of T. sessile colonies and nestling immune function and stress.
Issue Date:2016
Citation Info:Quazi, Danish et al. (2016, April). "Prevalence, impacts, and implications of odorous house ant colonies within active American robin nests." Session presented at Undergraduate Research Symposium, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.
Genre:Conference Poster
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 Danish Qazi
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-06-07

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