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Title:Verbal Play as a Communicative Resource in Aphasia Treatment
Author(s):Marcoski, Tara; Smego, Claire
Contributor(s):Devanga, Suma; Hengst, Julie
verbal play
communicative resource
Abstract:Aphasia is an impairment in language use due to brain damage. There are 80,000 new cases of aphasia each year in the United States (NSA, 2008). Speech language pathologists (SLPs) design treatments that help patients recover their language abilities. Sherratt & Simmons-Mackie (2015) argue that, humour has a substantial role to play in engaging clients by developing rapport, enhancing motivation, and facilitating more equal participation in interaction (p.16). This study investigates the role of verbal play in a 15-session barrier treatment study (Devanga, Hengst & Ernat, 2015) in which no specific attempt was made to elicit humor or verbal play. The participant with aphasia (Mr. Lee) and a communication partner worked together to identify, label, and place familiar photographs on their playing boards. The current study analyzed video data of 10 of Mr. Lees treatment sessions (5 with clinician-partner, 5 with spouse-partner). Drawing on Hengst (2006), all episodes of verbal play were identified and coded for speaker, interactional forms, resources, and functions. Analysis is ongoing and will be complete by mid-March. Preliminary findings document verbal play in all sessions and with all participants. We anticipate that episodes of verbal play will increase with an unfamiliar partner (SLP) and will remain stable with a routine partner (wife) across sessions. This study holds promise for helping us understand the role of verbal play in clinical settings: it should be an integral part of everyday communication and run throughout aphasia therapy like a melody (Sherratt & Simmons-Mackie, 2015, p.16).
Issue Date:2016
Citation Info:Marcoski, Tara and Claire Smego. (2016, April). "Verbal Play as a Communicative Resource in Aphasia Treatment" session presented at Undergraduate Research Symposium, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
Genre:Conference Poster
Rights Information:Copyright 2016, Smego
Copyright 2016, Marcoski
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-06-09

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