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Title:Virus removal by chemical coagulation
Author(s):Engelbrecht, R.S.; Chaudhuri, Malay
Contributor(s):University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Water resource development
Water resource development--Illinois
Public health
Bacteriophage T4/MS2
Tertiary treatment
Virus removal
Coordination complex
Geographic Coverage:Illinois (state)
Abstract:Using bacterial viruses bacteriophages T4 and MS2 against Escherichia coli as models and aluminum as the coagulant metal ion, it was shown that removal of viruses from water by chemical coagulation and flocculation with aluminum sulfate consists of a primary reaction step which possibly results in the formation of coordination complexes between aluminum and carboxyl groups on the virus coat protein. The complexed viruses were not inactivated and active viruses could be recovered from the settled floc following their removal from water by coagulation and flocculation. The process of chemical coagulation and flocculation was found quite effective in removing bacteriophages T4 and MS2 from water. The optimum coagulant dosages and pH values were 40 to 50 mg/l of aluminum sulfate at pH 5.24 for bacteriophage T4 and at pH 6.0 for bacteriophage MS2. The highest removals attained were 98.0 and 99.9 percent, respectively. Presence of bivalent cations like calcium and magnesium up to a concentration of 50 mg/l each did not interfere with the efficiency of the process. Organic matter like albumins, wastewater and wastewater effluent lowered the removal efficiency significantly. Commercially available cationic polyelectrolytes were found effective both as coagulant aids and as prime coagulants.
Issue Date:1969-09
Publisher:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Water Resources Center
Genre:Report (Grant or Annual)
Sponsor:U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey
Rights Information:Copyright 1969 held by R. S. Engelbrecht, Malay Chaudhuri
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-06-13

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