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Title:Incorporating a rule-based model of judgment into a wastewater treatment plant design optimization model
Author(s):Geselbracht, James J.; Brill Jr., E. Downey; Pfeffer, John T.
Contributor(s):University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Water resource development--Illinois
Water resources development
Wastewater treatment
Mathematical models
Expert systems
Waste water
Geographic Coverage:Illinois (state)
Abstract:The use of a rule-based modeling technique for the formal consideration of poorly modeled issues in a water quality management problem is illustrated in the context of wastewater treatment plant design. Sludge bulking is a poorly understood problem in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants. An engineer must use judgement gained from experience when he designs an activated sludge plant to prevent bulking from causing the plant to fail. An attempt was made to use fuzzy logic in order to model that judgement. Results from research were taken from the literature and used independently as constraints to an activated sludge wastewater plant design optimization model to see their effect on the optimal design. Some of the research results were then formulated as rules in a rule-based system which relates design variable values to the likelihood of a design experiencing bulking problems. The weights of association of those rules to the conclusion that a given design would experience bulking problems and the logical interaction of those rules were calibrated using an experienced engineer's evaluation of a set of 15 plant designs. The consistency of the engineer's and the judgement model's evaluations were then checked with a second set of 15 designs. The model of judgement could be used to evaluate the bulking potential of any design. In the particular example developed, the judgement model was incorporated into a wastewater treatment plant design optimization model so that the cost effectiveness of constraint combinations could be examined. The tradeoff between cost and the likelihood of experiencing bulking problems was examined for a typical plant design problem.
Issue Date:1986-04
Publisher:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Water Resources Center
Genre:Report (Grant or Annual)
Sponsor:U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey
Rights Information:Copyright 1986 held by James J. Geselbracht, E. Downey Brill, Jr., John T. Pfeffer
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-06-13

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