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Title:Enzymatic synthesis of defined-length poly(ADP-ribose) and the investigation of cell-permeable poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase inhibitors
Author(s):Yang, Woojin
Advisor(s):Hergenrother, Paul J
Department / Program:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Poly(ADP-ribose) Glycohydrolase (PARG)
Abstract:Poly(ADP-ribosylation) (PARylation) is an important post-translational modification that maintains genomic stability in a cell. Engaging in important cellular processes such as DNA repair and cell death signaling, PARylation has gathered considerable interest as a target for genotoxic chemotherapy against cancer cells. To this end, various Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have been developed to induce sensitivity to genotoxic stress in BRCA-mutated cancer cells, and Poly(ADP-ribose) Glycohydrolase (PARG) inhibition is investigated as an alternate pathway to PARP inhibition in genotoxic chemotherapy. However, little is known about the exact mode of interaction between PAR and different proteins mainly due to the fact that PARP produces polydisperse mixtures of PAR through a heterogeneous modification process. To tackle these problems, a controlled enzymatic synthesis pathway of PAR has been investigated through the use of masked β-NAD+ derivatives that can homogenously and monomerically modify PARP. In order to verify its ability to modify PARP, a sample of proparagyl-β-NAD+ derivative was used in an automodification assay with hTNKS-1. In addition, a PARG inhibitor prodrug in the form of an alanine-ester-masked ADP-HPM was developed as a cell-permeable PARG inhibitor to investigate its effect in a whole cell. In order to verify its activity, an in vitro experiment of the enzymatic cleavage of its masking group with HINT-1 was performed and the results were analyzed via LC/MS.
Issue Date:2016-04-28
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 Woojin Yang
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-07-07
Date Deposited:2016-05

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