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Title:Heat transfer through a condensate droplet on hydrophobic and nanostructured superhydrophobic surfaces
Author(s):Chavan, Shreyas Atmaram
Advisor(s):Miljkovic, Nenad
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Heat transfer
superhydrophobic surfaces
jumping droplets
non-condensable gases
droplet growth
Abstract:Understanding the fundamental mechanisms governing vapor condensation on non-wetting surfaces is crucial to a wide range of energy and water applications. In this thesis, we reconcile classical droplet growth modeling barriers by utilizing two-dimensional axisymmetric numerical simulations to study individual droplet heat transfer on non-wetting surfaces (90° < θ_a < 170°). Incorporation of an appropriate convective boundary condition at the liquid vapor interface reveals that the majority of heat transfer occurs at the three phase contact line, where the local heat flux can be up to 4 orders of magnitude higher than at the droplet top. Droplet distribution theory is incorporated to show that previous modeling approaches under predict the overall heat transfer by as much as 300% for dropwise and jumping-droplet condensation. To verify our simulation results, we study condensed water droplet growth using optical and ESEM microscopy on bi-philic samples consisting of hydrophobic and nanostructured superhydrophobic regions, showing excellent agreement with the simulations for both constant base area and constant contact angle growth regimes. Our results demonstrate the importance of resolving local heat transfer effects for the fundamental understanding and high fidelity modeling of phase change heat transfer on non-wetting surfaces.
Issue Date:2016-04-27
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 Shreyas Chavan
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-07-07
Date Deposited:2016-05

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