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Title:Impact of energetically accessible proton permutations in the spectroscopy and dynamics of h5+
Author(s):Lin, Zhou
Contributor(s):McCoy, Anne B.
Subject(s):Spectroscopy of Large Amplitude Motions
Abstract:H${_5^+}$ has been proposed to be the intermediate of the astrochemically interesting proton transfer reaction H$_3^+$ + H$_2$ $\rightarrow$ H$_2$ + H$_3^+$. The scrambling of five protons in this floppy, ``structureless'' ion introduces complications to its high-resolution rovibrational spectroscopy and the proton transfer dynamics between H${_3^+}$ and H$_2$. Quantum chemical studies are performed to predict and interpret the spectroscopic and dynamical properties of H${_5^+}$, with special consideration paid to the group theoretical aspects. If the full permutation of protons were allowed in H${_5^+}$, just like in CH${_5^+}$, the system should have been characterized by the $G_{240}$ complete permutation-inversion group.\footnote{X.-G. Wang and T. Carrington Jr., {\it J. Chem. Phys.}, {\bf 129}, 234102 (2008).} However, our diffusion Monte Carlo calculations indicate that such a full permutation is not allowed for most of the molecular configurations sampled by the reaction path of the proton transfer process in question, and the energetically accessible permutations are functions of the distance between the H${_3^+}$ and H$_2$ fragments.\footnote{Z. Lin and A. B. McCoy, {\it J. Phys. Chem. A}, {\bf 119}, 12109 (2015).} In the present study, we investigate two extreme geometries of H${_5^+}$, the [H$_2$-H-H$_2$]$^+$ shared-proton intermediate and the H$_3^+\cdots$ H$_2$ long-range complex, using two subgroups of $G_{240}$, $G_{16}$ and $G_{24}$, respectively. In these two limiting circumstances, we derive the symmetry-adapted basis functions for the energy levels that describe the nuclear spins and the rovibrational motions of H${_5^+}$. Based on the results of these derivations, we discuss the spectroscopic properties of H${_5^+}$, including the coupling between different rovibrational degrees of freedom in the effective nuclear motion Hamiltonian, the electric-dipole selection rules for rovibrational spectroscopy, and correlations of energy levels between [H$_2$-H-H$_2$]$^+$ and H$_3^+\cdots$ H$_2$. Our study can be considered as the first step towards the implementation of future quantitative theoretical investigations for comparison with spectroscopic and dynamical experiments. \footnote{Z. Lin, {\it submitted to J. Mol. Spec.}}
Issue Date:2016-06-20
Publisher:International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy
Genre:Conference Paper/Presentation
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 by the authors
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-01-26

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