Browse IFSI Research by Title

  • Klaren, Rachel E.; Horn, Gavin P.; Fernhall, Bo; Motl, Robert W. (Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 2014-04-28)
    Background: A leading contributing factor to firefighter injury and death is lack of fitness. Therefore, the Fire Service Joint Labor Management Wellness-Fitness Initiative (WFI) was established that includes a focus on ...

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  • Willi, Joseph M.; Horn, Gavin P.; Madrzykowski, Daniel (Fire Technology, 2016)
    Detailed characterization of a firefighter’s typical thermal exposures during live-fire training and responses can provide important insights into the risks faced and the necessary protections, protocols, and standards ...

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  • Fent, Kenneth W.; Alexander, Barbara; Roberts, Jennifer; Robertson, Shirley; Toennis, Christine; Sammons, Deborah; Bertke, Stephen; Kerber, Steve; Smith, Denise L.; Horn, Gavin P. (Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 2017-06-21)
    Firefighters’ skin may be exposed to chemicals via permeation/penetration of combustion byproducts through or around personal protective equipment (PPE) or from the cross-transfer of contaminants on PPE to the skin. ...

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  • Hur, Pilwon; Rosengren, Karl S.; Horn, Gavin P.; Smith, Denise L.; Hsiao-Wecksler, Elizabeth T. (Journal of Ergonomics, 2013-09-15)
    We investigated the effects of wearing personal protective equipment (PPE), design of PPE (Standard vs.Enhanced), and fatigue during a simulated firefighting activity on the functional balance of firefighters. We defined ...

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  • Horn, Gavin P.; Kesler, Richard M.; Hsiao-Wecksler, Elizabeth T.; Motl, Robert W.; Rosengren, Karl S.; Fernhall, Bo (Illinois Fire Service Institute, University of Illinois, 2015)
    Here we presented a report for the Fire Service documenting an examination of the effect of SCBA and firefighting induced fatigue on firefighters’ gait, balance, and safety of movement. More detailed, peer-reviewed ...

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  • Horn, Gavin P.; Petruzzello, Steven J.; Fahey, George C.; Fernhall, B.; Woods, Jeffrey; Smith, Denise L.; Illinois Fire Service Institute; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Illinois Fire Service Institute, University of Illinois, 2010-11)
    Fire fighting is a dangerous occupation – in part because firefighters are called upon to perform strenuous physical activity in hot, hostile environments. Each year, approximately 100 firefighters lose their lives in the ...

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  • Kesler, Richard M.; Kliegar, Alexandra E.; Horn, Gavin P.; Boes, Morgan K.; Hsiao-Wecksler, Elizabeth T.; Klaren, Rachel E.; Learmonth, Yvonne; Motl, Robert W. (Fire Technology, 2017)
    Expedited evacuation of commercial and residential structures in the event of an emergency may be more difficult for persons with physical movement disorders. There is a need to better characterize the impact of such ...

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  • Gainey, Stephen J.; Horn, Gavin P.; Towers, Albert E.; Oelschlager, Maci L.; Tir, Vincent L.; Drnevich, Jenny; Fent, Kenneth W.; Kerber, Stephen; Smith, Denise L.; Freund, Gregory G. (PLoS ONE, 2018-08-21)
    Firefighting activities appear to increase the risk of acute and chronic lung disease, including malignancy. While self-contained breathing apparatuses (SCBA) mitigate exposures to inhalable asphyxiates and carcinogens, ...

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  • Martin, Daniel A.; Boron, Kevin; Obstalecki, Mark; Kurath, Peter; Horn, Gavin P. (Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 2015-04-07)
    Impact loads to the human body due to falls from height can be mitigated by well-designed and characterized fall protection systems. While energy absorption methods using rope deformation and/or accessory components have ...

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  • Firefighter Life Safety Research Center, Illinois Fire Service Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Illinois Fire Service Institute, University of Illinois, 2008)
    More firefighters die in the line of duty from heart attacks than from any other cause. And slips, trips and falls cause a large number of firefighter injuries. While the origins of heart attack and slip, trip and fall may ...

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  • Neitzel, Richard L.; Long, Rachel N.; Sun, Kan; Sayler, Stephanie; von Thaden, Terry L. (The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 2015-12-27)
    Introduction: Firefighters have high rate of injuries and illnesses, as well as exposures to high levels of noise. This study explored the relationship between noise exposure and injury among firefighters. Methods: We ...

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  • Traina, Nicholas; Horn, Gavin P.; Kerber, Stephen; Kyritsis, Dimitrios C. (Fire Technology, 2017)
    This paper describes experimental investigations of fire service ventilation and suppression practices in full-scale residential structures, including a one-story, 112 m2, 3 bedroom, 1 bathroom house with 8 total rooms and ...

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  • Traina, Nicholas; Horn, Gavin P.; Kerber, Stephen; Kyritsis, Dimitrios C. (Fire Technology, 2017)
    This paper describes an experimental investigation of the impact of structure geometry, fire location, and closed interior doors on occupant tenability in typical single family house geometries using common fuels from ...

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  • Kesler, Richard M.; Ensari, Ipek; Bollaert, Rachel E.; Motl, Robert W.; Hsiao-Wecksler, Elizabeth T.; Rosengren, Karl S.; Fernhall, Bo; Smith, Denise L.; Horn, Gavin P. (Ergonomics, 2017-08-29)
    Firefighters’ self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) protects the respiratory system during firefighting but increases the physiological burden. Extended duration SCBA (>30 min) have increased air supply, potentially ...

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  • Fent, Kenneth W.; Eisenberg, Judith; Snawder, John; Sammons, Deborah; Pleil, Joachim D.; Stiegel, Matthew A.; Mueller, Charles; Horn, Gavin P.; Dalton, James (Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 2014-06-06)
    Turnout gear provides protection against dermal exposure to contaminants during firefighting; however, the level of protection is unknown. We explored the dermal contribution to the systemic dose of polycyclic aromatic ...

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  • Horn, Gavin P.; Kesler, Richard M.; Kerber, Steve; Fent, Kenneth W.; Schroeder, Tad J.; Scott, William S.; Fehling, Patricia C.; Fernhall, Bo; Smith, Denise L. (Ergonomics, 2017-07-31)
    Firefighters’ thermal burden is generally attributed to high heat loads from the fire and metabolic heat generation, which may vary between job assignments and suppression tactic employed. Utilising a full-sized residential ...

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