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Title:Mechanisms of conversation: audience design and memory
Author(s):Yoon, Si On
Director of Research:Brown-Schmidt, Sarah
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Brown-Schmidt, Sarah
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Benjamin, Aaron S.; Dell, Gary S.; Fisher, Cynthia L.; Watson, Duane G.
Department / Program:Psychology
Discipline:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Language production
Multiparty conversation
Audience design
Common ground
Reference
Discourse
Lexical differentiation
Memory
Abstract:It is well established that conversational partners jointly establish brief labels for repeatedly mentioned entities. When speaking to a new partner who is unfamiliar with the labels, speakers use longer expressions to facilitate understanding. How this process of audience design scales up to conversations among three or more individuals is unknown. Further, while memory is thought to play an essential role in audience design, the link between memory for language and language use is not well explored. This dissertation consists of two parts that examine these two issues. In Chapter 2, I propose, and test, potential hypotheses regarding how speakers design referring expressions in multiparty conversation. The results of four experiments help to elucidate the mechanisms that support audience design in multiparty conversation. In Chapter 3, I explore the memory contributions to the referential phenomenon of lexical differentiation, aiming to understand the relationship between memory for discourse referents in dialogue and referential form. The results of three experiments provide insights into how memory for the discourse history guides language use during conversation. Taken together, these findings allow us to better understand the mechanisms of audience design and the interplay between language use and memory in conversation.
Issue Date:2016-05-27
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/92683
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 Si On Yoon
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-11-10
Date Deposited:2016-08


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