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Title:The intersection of community and domestic conflict
Author(s):Grant, Nickholas J
Advisor(s):Allen, Nicole
Contributor(s):Aber, Mark
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Domestic Violence, Community Violence, Socio-Cultural Norms, Intersection
Abstract:Domestic violence and community violence are pervasive issues in society with some evidence of overlap; yet, they have been, historically, examined in isolation from one another. While there is limited emerging evidence that these forms of violence may intersect, there has not been any empirical investigation of this intersection within the context of disadvantaged, high-crime rate neighborhoods. Further, no studies examine the nature of this intersection with a socio-cultural lens, providing a more contextual view of how these forms of violence overlap. To address these shortcomings, we conducted a descriptive and qualitative analysis to examine the nature of intersecting domestic and community violence. Methods: The initial sample consisted of 1943 conflicts encountered by the Ceasefire program in various high crime rate and underprivileged neighborhoods in Chicago, Illinois; of these conflicts, 164 indicated a domestic conflict and 59 indicated domestic and community conflict. Analysis: Using both deductive and inductive processes, we first conducted a content analysis of all 1943 conflict descriptions to identify forms of domestic violence, and then we examined patterns of overlapping violence, particularly with attention to Nesbitt and Cohen (1996) and Anderson's (1994; 2000) theories on the culture of violence in the form of retaliation. Results: Of the 1943 cases, a relatively small number had evidence of overlapping forms of violence; specifically, 51 cases showed evidence of overlap that either fell into one or another of three categories: retaliation, intervention, or possession. There was also evidence of socio-cultural factors that may have governed these overlapping conflicts. Implications: While infrequent in this sample, findings provide some evidence that domestic and community violence overlap, particularly as it relates to escalating, retaliatory violence. Prevention and intervention efforts should be aware of these escalating patterns, particularly with regard to the socio-cultural norms that may encourage retaliation in disadvantaged, high-crime rate neighborhoods. Future research should continue to investigate patterns of overlap, especially in relation to mediation outcomes
Issue Date:2016-07-21
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 Nickholas Grant
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-11-10
Date Deposited:2016-08

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