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Title:The roles of leisure attitudes and self-efficacy on attitudes toward retirement among retirees: a sense of coherence theory approach
Author(s):Lee, Chung Sup
Director of Research:Payne, Laura Lee
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Payne, Laura Lee
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Shinew, Kim; Ostler, Teresa; Berdychevsky, Liza; Liechty, Toni
Department / Program:Recreation, Sport and Tourism
Discipline:Recreation, Sport, and Tourism
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Leisure attitudes
Leisure self-efficacy
Sense of coherence
Attitudes toward retirement
Abstract:Retirement has become a common phenomenon in our society. However, it still is a major life transition especially to older adults, since it affects their lives in many ways. Antonovsky (1987) asserted that coping well with such a significant transition depends on sense of coherence (SOC), or how we view the situation/world. While diverse resources could determine SOC, the relationships between SOC and leisure related resources have been overlooked. Therefore, this study explored the roles of leisure attitudes and leisure self-efficacy on attitudes toward retirement using SOC theory. Moreover, it examined how retirement decision (retired voluntarily or forcedly) influenced the relationships among the main factors. In this study, a total of 423 respondents who are aged between 55 and 75, retired from their primary career and now residing in Illinois State were recruited through an on-line survey venue. The respondents were asked to complete the on-line questionnaire including the questions related to demographic information, leisure attitudes (LA), leisure self-efficacy (LSE), sense of coherence (SOC) and attitudes toward retirement (ATR). The data was analyzed employing structural equation modeling (SEM) and an Independent T-Test using both SPSS and AMOS software. The results showed that leisure variables (i.e., LA and LSE) were substantial resources for the respondents' SOC and ultimately contributed to a positive ATR. Moreover, SOC played a partial mediator role between leisure variables and ATR, which indicates that it is a prominent determinant of ATR. Lastly, voluntary retirees showed (statistically?) significantly higher scores on all the main factors and were more likely to utilize leisure sources actively than forced retirees. This study contributes to the SOC and leisure literature as it expands SOC theory by applying it to different population and context. Moreover, it confirmed the possible relationship between SOC and ATR, the reliabilities and validities of the main factors as well as their components. Furthermore, this study not only sheds the light on the importance of leisure in retirement, but also highlights the necessity of promoting leisure-focused retirement planning programs.
Issue Date:2016-06-21
Rights Information:© 2016 CHUNG SUP LEE
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-11-10
Date Deposited:2016-08

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