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Title:Aerodynamics of lifting surfaces in propeller slipstreams
Author(s):Chadha, Sparsh Adhir
Advisor(s):Selig, Michael S
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Aerodynamics
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
Airfoils
Wings
Propeller Slipstreams
Distributed Propulsion
Propeller wing interaction
Slipstream effects
Abstract:The high-speed flow in the wake of the propeller also known as propeller wash, or simply propwash, can severely affect the aerodynamic forces on a lifting surface. Steady-state computational results for a symmetric SD8020 airfoil with chord length of 1 ft in a propeller slipstream at a freestream Reynolds number of 100,000 are presented in this study. ANSYS FLUENT was used to solve the flow equations inside the control volume. For the two-dimensional analysis, the propeller was modeled as an actuator line across which the nondimensionalized pressure jump was varied from 3.4 to 13.6. The aerodynamic performance was obtained for the airfoil in configurations with varying horizontal and vertical distance between the actuator line center and airfoil leading edge as well as different diameter-to-chord ratios. As compared with the clean configuration, the lift coefficient and drag coefficient increased by a factor of 5 and 25, respectively, for the slipstream with the highest pressure jump case. The two-dimensional lift curve remained linear throughout the angle of attack range from 0 to 12 deg, and aerodynamic stall was not observed for the computed cases. In general, reducing the diameter-to-chord ratio and shifting the airfoil downstream improved aerodynamic performance. Vertical offset in the airfoil location affected the local flow due to the slipstream and resulted in a low wing configuration producing high lift, and low drag relative to the baseline configuration. Three-dimensional simulations were performed with a circular actuator disk and a rectangular span lifting surface with a semi-span of 1 ft. Due to the wall mirroring effect, the setup simulated a system with infinite propellers upstream of a lifting surface with infinite span. A high spanwise variation of lift in the slipstream shear layer resulted in induced trailing vortices. The trailing vortices caused downwash on the sections within the slipstream flow and upwash on the sections located outside the slipstream which led to an early onset of stall on the outboard sections.
Issue Date:2016-12-09
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/95413
Rights Information:Copyright 2016 by Sparsh Adhir Chadha
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-03-01
Date Deposited:2016-12


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