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Title:Granular jets
Author(s):Thoroddsen, Sigurdur T.; Shen, Amy Q.
Surface tension
Abstract:When a solid sphere impacts on a deep layer of granular medium, it generates an ejecta sheet and a transient axisymmetric crater. The gravity-driven radial collapse of this crater generates a pressure spike, as the cavity closes up. This pressure spike drives up a narrow granular jet along the axis of symmetry. The maximum height of the jet is found to depend on the impact velocity, gravity as well as the effective viscosity of the granular medium, through a simple product of the Reynolds and Froude numbers. The presence of such granular jets, where surface tension is absent, may help pinpoint the role of surface tension for similar liquid jets.
Issue Date:2001-01
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
Citation Info:The following article appeared in S.T. Thoroddsen and Amy Q. Shen (2001). Granular jets. Physics of Fluids, v. 13, no. 1, pp.4-6 and may be found at
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed:is peer reviewed
Rights Information:Copyright 2001 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.
Date Available in IDEALS:2007-06-15
Has Version(s):Previously released as TAM Report 941.

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