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 Title: ASTROCHEMICAL LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS AS ANALOGS TO PLUTONIAN CHEMISTRY: USING FTIR SPECTROSCOPY TO MONITOR THE SUBLIMATION OF IRRADIATED 1:1:100 CO+H2O+N2 AND 1:1:100 CH4+H2O+N2 ICES Author(s): Stelmach, Kamil Bartłomiej Contributor(s): Cooper, Paul; Yarnall, Yukiko Subject(s): Astronomy Abstract: Pluto is a large icy body composed of N$_{2}$, CH$_{4}$, and H$_{2}$O ices. In many ways, Pluto can be seen as one large matrix isolation experiment where N$_{2}$ is the inert matrix that can act to trap and isolate reactive species. The temperature changes on the dwarf planet induce sublimation of N$_{2}$ from the surface. Any previously trapped reactive species could then react with the new ice or neighboring molecules. To see if this process might lead to a significant formation of molecules, Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy (4 cm$^{-1}$ resolution) was used to study and monitor the sublimation of ices created from irradiated gas mixtures of 1:1:100 CO+H$_{2}$O+N$_{2}$ or 1:1:100 CH$_{4}$+H$_{2}$O+N$_{2}$. The gas mixtures were initially prepared and deposited on a cold finger at a temperature of 6 K and a baseline vacuum of about 1 x 10$^{-7}$ Torr. Gas mixtures were irradiated using an electric discharge or a microwave discharge before deposition to create the unstable chemical species. To sublimate the matrix, the temperature was brought up step-wise in 5-10 K intervals to 45 K. Slow sublimation (10 min per step) resulted in the new species being trapped in a water ice. In addition to (FTIR) spectroscopy, chemical species were also identified or monitored using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and a residual gas analyzer (RGA). Carbon suboxide (C$_{3}$O$_{2}$), a common component found in meteorites and a potentially important prebiotic molecule, was formed only after the sublimation step. Other products formed included deprotonated versions of products formed in the original matrix ice. C$_{3}$O$_{2}$’s potential importance in Pluto’s surface chemistry and its overall astrobiological significance will be discussed. Issue Date: 6/21/2017 Publisher: International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy Citation Info: APS Genre: CONFERENCE PAPER/PRESENTATION Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/96833 DOI: 10.15278/isms.2017.WA09 Date Available in IDEALS: 2017-07-27
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