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Title:THE THz/FIR SPECTRUM OF SMALL WATER CLUSTERS IN HELIUM NANODROPLETS
Author(s):Schwaab, Gerhard
Contributor(s):Havenith, Martina; van der Meer, Lex; Redlich, Britta; Dey, Arghya; Pal, Nitish; Mani, Devendra; Schwan, Raffael
Subject(s):Clusters/Complexes
Abstract:The microscopic properties of water that are relevant for bulk solvation processes are still not fully understood. Here, we combine mass selective Helium nanodroplet spectroscopy with the powerful Terahertz (THz) and far-infrared (FIR) capabilities of the free electron laser facility FELIX to study the fingerprint of small neutral water clusters in the wavelength range from 90-900wn. _x000d_ Helium nanodroplets are a gentle, superfluid matrix and allow aggregation of pre-cooled moieties at ultra-cold temperatures (0.37 K). The fast cooling rate allows in some cases to stabilize not only the global minimum structure but also local minimum structures. _x000d_ The FELIX facility in Nijmegen provides narrowband ($Deltanu / nu=0.5%$) pulsed radation covering the frequency range from 80--3300 wn. We used a repetition rate of 10 Hz and typical pulse energies from 10 mJ at the 90wn and 40 mJ at 900wn. This corresponds to average powers of 100--400 mW far beyond those available using other radiation sources in this frequency range._x000d_ The observed spectrum is exceptionally rich and includes lines that are close to or below our resolution limit. By mass selective detection and by varying the pickup pressure, we were able to identify contributions from dimer, trimer, tetramer and pentamer. The number of resonances indicates stabilization of at least two trimer structures in He nanodroplets. A comparison with theoretical predictions is on the way. We are confident that our experiments will contribute to understand the very special behavior of water in a bottom up approach.
Issue Date:6/21/2017
Publisher:International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy
Citation Info:APS
Genre:CONFERENCE PAPER/PRESENTATION
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/96938
DOI:10.15278/isms.2017.WD05
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-07-27


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