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The Effects of Frost Formation on the Performance of Domestic Refrigerator-Freezer Finned-Tube Evaporator Coils

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Title: The Effects of Frost Formation on the Performance of Domestic Refrigerator-Freezer Finned-Tube Evaporator Coils
Author(s): Ali, D.A.
Contributor(s): Crawford, R.R.
Subject(s): domestic refrigerator freezers evaporator performance
Abstract: An investigation was conducted on the effect of frost fonnation on the perfonnance evaporator coils typically found in domestic refrigerator-freezers. The effect of fin spacing on evaporator perfonnance was also studied. The study was carried out by setting the conditions of air inlet temperature, air inlet relative humidity, and refrigerant inlet temperature, and by varying the volumetric airflow rate over a wide range to study its effect on the evaporator overall heat transfer coefficient and the evaporator pressure drop. These values were monitored while frost accumulated on the evaporator over a ten hour period. The data was modeled using a least-squares curve fit where the heat transfer coefficient and the pressure drop were taken to be functions of the airflow rate and the mass of accumulated frost. Using a characteristic fan curve and the models for the heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop, conditions closely emulating actual systems were simulated and the actual variation of heat transfer coefficient as a function of accumulated frost was found It showed the expected trend of rising to a point and then dropping off. The overall heat transfer coefficient increased up to 40% of its starting value and was reached after the airflow rate had decreased to about 70% of its starting value. These were dependent on the fan characteristic curve that was used. The effect of fin spacing was studied by comparing a 5 fin per inch evaporator to a 2.5 fin per inch evaporator. The overall heat transfer coefficient was found to be directly proportional to the air-side surface area but the amount of frost deposited did not show this trend.
Issue Date: 1992-02
Publisher: Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Series/Report: Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center TR-15
Genre: Technical Report
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/9704
Sponsor: Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center Project 02
Date Available in IDEALS: 2009-03-06
Identifier in Online Catalog: 3433799
 

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