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 Title: THE ETHANOL-CO2 DIMER IS AN ELECTRON DONOR-ACCEPTOR COMPLEX Author(s): McGuire, Brett A. Contributor(s): McCarthy, Michael C; Martin-Drumel, Marie-Aline Subject(s): Clusters/Complexes Abstract: Supercritical (sc) CO$_2$ is a common industrial solvent for the extraction of caffeine, nicotine, petrochemicals, and natural products. The ability of apolar scCO$_2$ to dissolve polar solutes is greatly enhanced by the addition of a polar co-solvent, often methanol or ethanol. Experimental and theoretical work show that methanol interactions in scCO$_2$ are predominantly hydrogen bonding, while the gas-phase complex is an electron donor-acceptor (EDA) configuration. Ethanol, meanwhile, is predicted to form EDA complexes both in scCO$_2$ and in the gas phase, but there have been no experimental measurements to support this conclusion. Here, we report a combined chirped-pulse and cavity FTMW study of the ethanol-CO$_2$ complex. Comparison with theory indicates the EDA complex is dominant under our experimental conditions. We confirm the structure with isotopic substitution, and derive a semi-experimental equilibrium structure. Our results are consistent with theoretical predictions that the linearity of the CO$_2$ subgroup is broken by the complexation interaction. Issue Date: 6/22/2017 Publisher: International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy Citation Info: APS Genre: CONFERENCE PAPER/PRESENTATION Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97189 DOI: 10.15278/isms.2017.RH06 Date Available in IDEALS: 2017-07-27
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