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Title:The complexity of continuous local search
Author(s):Gordon, Spencer L
Advisor(s):Mehta, Ruta
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Theoretical computer science
Algorithmic game theory
Computational complexity
Linear complementarity problem
Contraction map
Abstract:The complexity class CLS was introduced by Daskalakis and Papadimitriou in [9] with the goal of capturing the complexity of some well-known problems in PPAD ∩ PLS that have resisted, in some cases for decades, attempts to put them in polynomial time. No complete problem was known for CLS, and in [9], the problems CONTRACTION, i.e., the problem of finding an approximate fixpoint of a contraction map, and P-LCP, i.e., the problem of solving a P-matrix Linear Complementarity Problem, were identified as prime candidates. First, we present the first complete problem for CLS, METAMETRICCONTRACTION, which is closely related to the problem CONTRACTION. Second, we introduce ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE, which captures aspects of PPAD and PLS directly via a monotonic directed path, and show that ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE is in CLS via a two-way reduction to ENDOFMETEREDLINE. The latter was defined in [18] to keep track of how far a vertex is on the PPAD path via a restricted potential function, and was shown to be in CLS. Third, we reduce P-LCP to ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE, thus making ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE and ENDOFMETEREDLINE at least as likely to be hard for CLS as P-LCP. This result leverages the monotonic structure of Lemke paths for P-LCP problems, making ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE a likely candidate to capture the exact complexity of P-LCP; we note that the structure of Lemke-Howson paths for finding a Nash equilibrium in a two-player game directly motivated the definition of the complexity class PPAD, which ended up capturing this problem’s complexity exactly. Finally, we reduce the 2-dimensional version of CONTRACTION to ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE, providing further evidence that ENDOFPOTENTIALLINE is CLS-hard.
Issue Date:2017-04-21
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Spencer Gordon
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05

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