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Title:Design of functionally graded compliant mechanisms using topology optimization
Author(s):Conlan-Smith, Cian James
Advisor(s):James, Kai A
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Topology Optimization, Compliant Mechanism Design, Functionally Graded Materials, Bio-Inspired Design, Geometric Non-linearity, Stress Constrained Design.
Abstract:This research applies topology optimization to create feasible functionally graded complaint mechanism designs with the aim of improving structural performance compared to traditional homogeneous compliant mechanism designs. Structural performance is assessed with respect to mechanical/geometric advantage and stress distributions. A novel modified solid isotropic material with penalization (SIMP) method is adopted for representing local element material properties in FGM structures. The method of moving asymptotes (MMA) is used in conjunction with adjoint sensitivity analysis to find the optimal distribution of material properties. Functionally graded materials (FGMs) have material properties that vary based on spatial position. Here, FGMs are implemented using two different resource constraints \textendash \ one on the mechanism's volume and the other on the integral of the Young's modulus distribution throughout the design domain. Two sets of results are presented \textendash \ polymeric and metallic designs. Geometric non-linear analysis based on the Neo-Hookean model for hyperelastic materials is used to solve the mechanics problem for polymeric designs, whereas analysis of metallic materials is solved using conventional linear finite element analysis (FEA). Tensile tests are performed to obtain the material properties used in the analysis. To ensure an accurate representation when using linear FEA, metallic designs are subject to stress constraints. A novel method of stress-based design for FGM structures is presented where local yield strength is a function of local Young's modulus. Results suggest that FGMs can achieve the desired improvements in structural performance for certain designs and can also have a favorable effect on the von Mises stress distribution.
Issue Date:2017-04-27
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97500
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Cian Conlan-Smith
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05


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