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Title:Measurement equivalence of the Comprehensive Personality Scales across cultures: an item response theory approach
Author(s):Zhang, Luyao
Advisor(s):Drasgow, Fritz
Department / Program:Psychology
Discipline:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.A.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):item response theory
differential item functioning (DIF)
dominance model
Samejima's graded response (SGR) model
ideal point model
the generalized graded unfolding model (GGUM)
Abstract:Within the item response theory (IRT) framework, this study compared cross-culturally different approaches to the assessment of differential item functioning (DIF) in two personality tests of the Comprehensive Personality Scale (Wang, 2013). A dominance IRT model (SGRM) and an ideal point model (the GGUM) were applied within the NHST paradigm, due to the debate over which is the more appropriate model for personality research. Nye’s (2011) DIF effect size measure was also used in the current study to overcome the oversensitivity of NHST to large sample size. Participants from the U.S. (n = 861) and China (n = 1023) responded to two personality scales from the CPS: the Well-being scale, and the Curiosity scale. Results indicated that SGR was applicable for DIF assessment, but the NHST paradigm was so sensitive to large samples that even trivial DIF could be significant. GGUM failed to work in the DIF analyses due to ill-conditioned matrices. The DIF effect size measure compensated for the NHST method by providing the magnitude of DIF. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Issue Date:2017-03-07
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97538
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Luyao Zhang
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05


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