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Title:Executable clinical models for acute care
Author(s):Rahmaniheris, Maryam
Director of Research:Sha, Lui
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Sha, Lui
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Kirlik, Alex; Gunter, Carl; Mangharam, Rahul; Weininger, Sandy
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Clinical models
Computational pathophysiology
Clinical validation
Model-based system design
Formal verification
Abstract:Medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the U.S., after heart disease and cancer, causing at least 250,000 deaths every year. These errors are often caused by slips and lapses, which include, but are not limited to delayed diagnosis, delayed or ineffective therapeutic interventions, and unintended deviation from the best practice guidelines. These situations may occur more often in acute care settings, where the staff are overloaded, under stress, and must make quick decisions based on the best available evidence. An \textit{integrated clinical guidance system} can reduce such medical errors by helping medical staff track and assess patient state more accurately and adapt the care plan according to the best practice guidelines. However, a main prerequisite for developing a guideline system is to create computer interpretable representations of the clinical knowledge. The main focus of this thesis is to develop executable clinical models for acute care. We propose an organ-centric pathophysiology-based modeling paradigm, in which we translate the medical text into executable interactive disease and organ state machines. We formally verify the correctness and safety of the developed models. Afterward, we integrate the models into a best practice guidance system. We study the cardiac arrest and sepsis case studies to demonstrate the applicability of proposed modeling paradigm. We validate the clinical correctness and usefulness of our model-driven cardiac arrest guidance system in an ACLS training class. We have also conducted a preliminary clinical simulation of our model-driven sepsis screening system.
Issue Date:2017-04-17
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Maryam Rahmaniheris
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05

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