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Title:1-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-1,2-propandione is a crucial pheromone component of the rare North American cerambycid beetle Dryobius sexnotatus
Author(s):Diesel, Natalie Marie
Advisor(s):Hanks, Lawrence M
Contributor(s):Allan, Brian F; Andrew, Suarez V
Department / Program:Entomology
Discipline:Entomology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Reproductive isolation
Sex pheromone
Aggregation-sex pheromone
Cerambycidae
Longhorned beetle
Abstract:The compound 1-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-1,2-propanedione was recently found to be an important pheromone component of several Asian species of longhorned beetles in the subfamily Cerambycinae. Here, we report the first confirmed identification of this pyrrole as a pheromone component of a cerambycine species native to North America, the rare Dryobius sexnotatus Linsley. Headspace volatiles from males contained (R)-3-hydroxyhexan-2-one and the pyrrole (ratio 1:0.13), neither of which were detected in samples from females. A field bioassay confirmed that adults of both sexes were attracted only by the binary blend of racemic 3-ketol with the pyrrole, and not by either compound alone. Adults of another cerambycine, Xylotrechus colonus (F.), were attracted by the ketol, consistent with its being the primary component of the pheromone of this species, and attraction was not influenced by the presence of the pyrrole. This study attests to the effectiveness of pheromone-baited traps in detecting rarely encountered species of cerambycids. It also provides further evidence that the pyrrole represents another conserved pheromone motif within the Cerambycinae.
Issue Date:2017-04-24
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97606
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Natalie Diesel
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05


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