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Title:Exploring global and local intersections at a prospective World Heritage Site in South Korea: implications for sustainable tourism development, strategic planning and management
Author(s):Park, Sanghun
Director of Research:Santos, Carla
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Santos, Carla
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Green, Christine; Silverman, Helaine; Dearborn, Lynne
Department / Program:Recreation, Sport and Tourism
Discipline:Recreation, Sport, and Tourism
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Cultural heritage tourism
Sustainable tourism development and management
World Heritage
Local community
Stakeholder collaboration
Institutional ethnography
Abstract:To date, there has been a lack of research examining the process of developing a World Heritage Site (WHS), in particular from a global-local perspective. Consequently, very little is known about the relationships and dynamic interactions between global priorities and local needs for development. Moreover, relatively little attention has been devoted to studying the views of local communities in and around WHSs, as well as their perceptions of the challenges and opportunities that occur from tourism development and WHS designation. This dissertation employs the theoretical lens of glocalization and focuses on the local perspective in the context of Naganeupseong, a prospective WHS in South Korea. Naganeupseong is a Korean traditional historic folk village dating from the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). The village is surrounded by a fortress wall which prevents outsiders from having an open access to the site (they need to pay an entrance fee to look around the village). Inside the fortress, 288 people actually live in 150 households. Within this context, this study explores the intersection of the global and the local and the negotiations between the representatives of those two perspectives in the process of constructing and negotiating heritage, a process that is inherently dynamic, contingent and contested. It examines how, under what conditions, and to what extent the global and the local intersect in the process of preparing for World Heritage Listing. This research employs a multiple methods approach that is guided by institutional ethnography including participant observation, institutional texts, and semi-structured interviews. It focuses on the local perspectives and understanding of heritage, as well as the challenges and opportunities presented by the potential title of WHS from a global/local interaction perspective. By doing so, it examines the perceived significance of the site, the negotiation process to suit the needs of the global within the local context, as well as the locals’ expectations and concerns for WHS designation and its perceived corresponding impacts. This study furthers our understanding of the intersection of global/local processes involved in determining what constitutes World Heritage. It also serves as an excellent opportunity to understand the impacts of such processes from a pre-WHS designation perspective.
Issue Date:2017-04-12
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Sanghun Park
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05

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