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Title:Design of a morphing airfoil exhibiting bi-stability using topology optimization
Author(s):Bhattacharyya, Anurag
Advisor(s):James, Kai A.
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Topology optimization
Morphing structures
Bi-stability
Nonlinear elasticity
Unstructured mesh
Triangular finite elements
Abstract:This study aims to harness the geometric non-linearity of structures to design a novel camber morphing mechanism for a bi-stable airfoil using topology optimization. The goal is to use snap-through instabilities to actuate and maintain the shape of the morphing airfoil. Topology optimization has been used to distribute material over the design domain and to tailor the nonlinear response of the baseline structure to achieve the desired bi-stable behavior. The large scale deformation undergone by the structure is modeled using a hyperelastic material model. The non-linear structural equilibrium equations are solved using arc-length and displacement-controlled Newton-Raphson analysis. Isoparamteric finite element evaluation is used for analyzing kinematic and deformation characteristics of the structure. The optimization problem is solved using a computationally efficient nonlinear optimization algorithm, the Method of Moving Asymptotes (MMA), with a Solid Isoparametric Material Penalization (SIMP) scheme. The gradient information required for the optimization has been evaluated using an adjoint sensitivity formulation. Two different design domains, one with a structured quadrilateral mesh and another with an unstructured triangular mesh, are investigated and compared. The effect of different optimization parameters on the final optimized structure and its behaviour has also been analyzed. The final result is a novel camber morphing mechanism without the disadvantages of increased weight and higher maintenance costs associated with conventional actuation mechanisms. The optimized results obtained numerically are then 3-D printed to evaluate their performance characteristics.
Issue Date:2017-04-24
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97765
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Anurag Bhattacharyya
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05


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