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Title:Thermo-fluid model of meniscus behavior and oscillation mark formation in steel continuous casting
Author(s):Yan, Xiaolu
Advisor(s):Thomas, Brian G.
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Continuous casting
Model
Oscillation mark
Abstract:The surface quality of steel depends on initial solidification at the meniscus during continuous casting. A computational thermal-fluid model has been developed to simulate the complex transient behavior of the slag layer between the oscillating mold wall, the slag rim, the slag/liquid steel interface, and the solidifying steel shell in the meniscus region. It includes transient heat transfer, multi-phase fluid flow, solidification of the slag and steel, and movement of the mold during several oscillation cycles. The model is validated with transient temperature measurements and shell strand measurements from a “mold simulator” lab experiment and with plant measurements of oscillation mark (OM) depth and slag consumption. Hook type oscillation mark is predicted to form by steel overflowing the meniscus. In addition to the commonly predicted/measured temperature increase during the negative strip time (NST), a smaller temperature increase is predicted during the positive strip time (PST) for thermocouples near steel level, and can be associated with the overflow event. These discoveries help to explain the overflow mechanism in detail and reveal new insights into the phenomena which govern initial solidification, oscillation mark formation, and surface defects in this process.
Issue Date:2017-04-28
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97791
Rights Information:©2017 Xiaolu Yan
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-10
Date Deposited:2017-05


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