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Title:Establishing Procedures and Guidelines for Pedestrian Treatments at Uncontrolled Locations
Author(s):Qi, Yan; Fries, Ryan, N.; Zhou, Huaguo; Rab, Abdur; Baireddy, Raghunandan
Subject(s):pedestrian safety
crosswalks
unsignalized intersections
pedestrian treatment
midblock location
guidelines
Abstract:Pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users. The risks to pedestrians crossing at uncontrolled locations are much higher than at signalized intersections. There has been an increasing trend in pedestrian deaths during the past decade. Specifically, pedestrian fatality as percent of total fatalities indicates an increasing trend in a ten-year period from 2005 to 2014. Several research projects funded by both federal and state transportation agencies have attempted to identify effective strategies for improving pedestrian safety within their jurisdictions. However, very little research was conducted on pedestrian safety at uncontrolled locations in Illinois. The objectives of the project were to identify the best practices of approving pedestrian crossings and pedestrian-crossing treatments at uncontrolled locations and to develop procedures and guidelines to be used by the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) and local agencies. To achieve the research goal, the team conducted a comprehensive literature review of related studies and existing guidelines, a survey and interview of Illinois transportation engineers, statistical analysis of Illinois pedestrian-crash data from 2010 to 2014, and a field review of selected high-crash corridors (HCC) in Illinois. This study identified several common issues associated with the high-pedestrian-crash-prone roads, e.g., speeding, poor lighting, noncompliance with posted signage, inadequate or missing signage, or lack of conspicuity. Several geometric features were also proven to be related to pedestrian crashes; for instance, long crossing distances, insufficient sight distance, and inappropriate placement of bus stops and parking were proved to affect pedestrian safety. In addition, pedestrian-crossing treatments were classified into five categories in the study, and their effectiveness and suitable conditions were assessed and identified. Based on the research findings, a guidebook was compiled with a comprehensive discussion of strategies and treatments to enhance pedestrian safety at uncontrolled locations. The target audiences for this guidebook are transportation professionals, highway designers, traffic engineers, law enforcement officers, and safety specialists who may be involved in efforts to reduce pedestrian crashes at uncontrolled locations.
Issue Date:2017-08
Publisher:Illinois Center for Transportation/Illinois Department of Transportation
Citation Info:Qi, Yan, Ryan N. Fries, Huaguo Zhou, Abdur Rab, and Raghunandan Baireddy. 2017. Establishing Procedures and Guidelines for Pedestrian Treatments at Uncontrolled Locations. A report of the findings of ICT-R27-167. Illinois Center for Transportation Series No. 17-021. Research Report No. FHWA-ICT-17-016. Illinois Center for Transportation, Rantoul, IL
Series/Report:FHWA-ICT-17-016
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/97900
ISSN:0197-9191
Sponsor:IDOT-R27-167
Rights Information:No restrictions. This document is available through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-08-31


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